Synthesis of a bio-solvent from waste tallow over a heterogeneous catalyst and its application for paint removal

  • Pham Van Phong
  • Vu Do Hong Duong
  • Nguyen Thi Quynh Hoa
  • Dinh Thi Ngo
Keywords: -


In this article, the authors present the process of preparing an environmentally friendly bio-solvent system which consists of ethyl ester as a main component derived from waste tallow such as beef tallow and catfish oil. The transesterification was carried out in a batch reactor using the heterogeneous base catalyst 30% NaOH/NaY to produce ethyl esters. The ethyl esters, ethyl lactate and some additives were blended and tested for paint removal capacity. Lots of component ratios had been tested until the removal performance reached 100%.


Ian Smallwood. Handbook of organic solvent properties - Vol 1. John Wiley. 1996.

Jerome M.Elliott, Kirk L.Parkin. Lipase-mediated acyl-exchange reactions with butteroil in anhydrous media. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 1991; 68(3): p. 171 - 175.

Kevin J.Harrington, Catherine D’Arcy-Evans. Transesterification in situ of sunflower seed oil. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Product Research Development. 1985; 24(2): p.314 - 318.

Hideki Fukuda, Akihiko Kondo, Hideo Noda. Biodiesel fuel production by tranesterification of oils. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. 2001; 92(5): p. 405 - 416.

Hideki Fukuda. Review biodiesel fuel production by transferring oils. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. 2001.

O.E.Ikwuagwu, I.C.Ononogbu, O.U.Njoku. Production of biodiesel using rubber seed oil. Industrial Crops and Products. 2000; 12(1): p. 57 - 62.

George V.Dyroff. Product Details Manual on Vapor Degreasing (ASTM Manual Series). 1989.

J.A.Kinats. Production of biodiesel from multiple freedstocks and properties of biodiesels and biodiesel/diesel blends (Final report). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). 2003.

Jacqueline S.Bennett, Kaitlyn L.Charles, Matthew R.Miner, Caitlin F.Heuberger, Elijah J.Spina, Michael F.Bartels, Taylor Foreman. Ethyl lactate as a tunable solvent for the synthesis of aryl aldimines, Green Chemistry. 2009; 11(2): p. 166 - 168.

James E.Opre. Environmentally friendly ink cheaning preparing. United States Patent No. 6284720 B1. 2001.

John Burke. Solubility Parameter: Theory and Application. The American Institute for Conservation. 1984.

Krister Holmberg. Handbook of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry. 2004.

Lion Corporation Chemicals Division. Anionic surfactants. 2002.

Gerald P.McNeill, Shoichi Shimizu, Tsuneo Yamane. High-yield enzymatic glycerolysis of fats and oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 1991; 68(1): p. 1 - 5.

David M. Flower, Grand Rapids, Mich. Detergent and method for producing the same. United States Patent No. 5429765. 1995.

Michael S. graboski, Robert L. McCormick. Combustion of fat and vegetable oil derived fuel in diesel engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 1998; 24(2): p.125 - 164.

Mike Lancaster. Green Chemistry. Royal Society of Chemistry. 2002.

L.H.Posorske, G.K.LeFebvre, C.A.Miller, T.T.Hansen, B.L.Glenvig. Process considerations of continuous fat modification with an immobilized lipase. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. 1988; 65(6); p.922 - 926.

W.Herbst, K.Hunger. Paints coatings and solvents. Wiley. 1997.

Weissermel, K.Arpe. Industrial organic chemistry. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2nd ED, Weinhein. 1993: p. 396.

William Nelson. Green Solvents for Chemistry: Perspectives and Practice. Oxford University Press, USA. 2003.

Yizhak Marcus. The properties of solvents. Wiley. 1999.

Zeno W.Wicks, JR.Frank, N.Jones, S.Peter Pappas. Organic coating. Wiley, Interscience. 1999.

Dieter Stoye, Werner Freitad. Paints, coatings and solvents. Wiley, VCH. 1998.

Lin Lin, Saritporn Vittayapadung, Shen Xiangqian, Dong Mingdong. Opportunities and challenges for biodiesel fuel. Applied Energy. 2011; 88: p. 1020 - 1031.

Rafael A.Soldi, Luiz P.Ramos, Maria Aparecida F.Cesar-Oliveira. Soyb ean oil and beef tallow alcoholysis by acid heterogeneous catalysis. Applied Catalysis. 2009; 361: p. 42 - 48.

Serge Comini, Guy Fleche, Patrick Fuertes, Rodolphe Tamion. Method for preparing a lactic acid ester composition and use thereof as solvent. United States Patent No. 7342050 B2. 2008.

Yaohui Feng, Aiqing Zhang, Jianxin Li, Benqiao He. A continuous process for biodiesel production in a fixed bed reactor packed with cation-exchange resin as heterogeneous catalyst. Bioresource Technology. 2011; 102(3): p. 3607 - 3609.

Dieter Stoye, Werner Freitad. Paints, coatings and solvents. Wiley, VCH. 1998.

How to Cite
Phong, P. V., Duong, V. D. H., Hoa, N. T. Q., & Ngo, D. T. (2013). Synthesis of a bio-solvent from waste tallow over a heterogeneous catalyst and its application for paint removal. Petrovietnam Journal, 8, 25-35. Retrieved from