Design and assembly of an apparatus system based on the Villari effect for detecting stress concentration zone on ferromagnetic materials
This paper presents the study results on the fabrication of a structural integrity assessment apparatus by determining stress concentration zones in pressure pipeline and equipment. The apparatus uses a triaxial magnetic field sensor to measure magnetic field components in three axes Ox, Oy, and Oz, in the working range of the magnetic field from -300 µT to 300 µT. The investigation of the selfmagnetic leakage field by this apparatus in the API 5L steel specimens under tensile stress shows a high variation of the magnetic field at a steel elongation lower than 1 mm (corresponding to the elastic deformation state of the material). In the case of an artificial defect, the apparatus can detect a change in the magnetic field caused by stress concentration.
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